Date: June 17 annually

Theme 2024: “United for Land: Our Legacy. Our Future.”

Host Country: Germany

Venue: Bundeskunsthalle


  • Desertification and Drought Day is a UN observance dedicated to raising awareness about global challenges related to land degradation.
  • Established in 1995 by the UN General Assembly.
  • It is in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with Goal 15 aiming to halt and reverse land degradation.

Understanding the Issue:

  • Desertification and drought threaten sustainable development, particularly in developing countries.
  • Predictions suggest that by 2050, droughts may affect over three-quarters of the world’s population.
  • Women are disproportionately affected due to barriers in securing land rights.
  • Desertification is caused by human activities and climatic variations, leading to the creation of new deserts.
  • Drought is an extended period of deficient rainfall relative to the region’s average.

The Sendai Framework and UNCCD:

  • The UNCCD is a legally binding international agreement addressing sustainable land management.
  • It focuses on arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas.
  • Aligned with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, working to protect vulnerable populations and ecosystems.

Importance of Desertification and Drought Day:

  • Platform for raising awareness and rallying efforts to combat environmental challenges.
  • Emphasizes achieving land degradation neutrality through cooperation and community involvement.
  • Highlights the economic importance of sustainable land management.
  • Empowers young people to engage in eco-entrepreneurship and best practices in land restoration.

How to Observe Desertification and Drought Day:

1. Share and Engage the Messages:

  • Share educational messages, infographics, and resources on social media platforms.
  • Engage with online communities by discussing the importance of combating desertification and drought.
  • Use hashtags like #DesertificationDay and #DroughtDay to join the global conversation.

2. Hold Observance Events:

  • Organize exhibitions showcasing the impact of desertification and drought.
  • Conduct workshops and discussions on sustainable land management practices.
  • Arrange tree planting exercises to promote environmental conservation.
  • Host awareness walks to raise public consciousness about land degradation.
  • Flag your event to be featured on the UN observance page here.

3. Engage with Stakeholders:

  • Collaborate with local communities, NGOs, and government agencies to address land degradation issues.
  • Partner with schools and universities to educate students about the importance of land stewardship.
  • Involve businesses in sustainable practices that contribute to combating desertification and drought.
  • Advocate for policy changes that support land restoration and conservation efforts.


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